“100 things that have had impact of public health” | Chicago Tribune
The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health turns 100 this year. The school came to life during a time when women frequently died during childbirth and infant mortality was a grave concern. Inadequate nutrition, sanitation and often-fatal diseases were common.
Since then, public-health agencies in the United States and abroad have had numerous victories, such as the eradication of smallpox. In 1916, the average life expectancy at birth in the United States was around 52. Today, it's nearly 79. But public health remains a complex and challenging field - figuring out how to control gun violence and addiction, exploring the science of aging, keeping refugees healthy, closing the gap on health-care disparities in minority populations. And improving public health means navigating the contentious landscape between public good and individual choice. Vaccination provokes controversy to this day.
"Especially in the United States, we have this ideal of rugged individualism," Michael Klag, dean of the Bloomberg School, said in a phone interview. "But to have a well-functioning society, we need to think beyond the individual and think about what will benefit everyone."
The article highlights 10 of the 100 items listed, including birth certifcates, the Corvair, window screens, sidewalks, desk chair, american cheese (ultra-processed food), bottled water, smart phones, vitamin D milk, and toliets. Read about the 100 here, compiled by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Global Health Now.