School of Public Health - International Health
Piloting sustainable and scalable strategies to separate young children from poultry and poultry feces
Campylobacter is the most common bacterial cause of gastroenteritis. Campylobacter infections have been associated with poor linear growth and increased intestinal and systemic inflammation in children <2 years old. Campylobacter infection in humans has been associated with contaminated water, food, person-to-person transmission, and domestic animals specifically poultry and poultry feces. In Bangladesh, 80% of rural households raise backyard poultry. It is common to allow backyard-raised birds to roam within the yard or home to scavenge for food, where they can come into contact with children or indiscriminately defecate in spaces shared with children. However, there is little data on appropriate enabling technologies and strategies to effectively separate children from contact with poultry and poultry feces. The intern placement is on a project led by the International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) that aims to identify and improve-upon existing strategies that separate children and poultry in rural Bangladesh. The task at hand is how to identify feasible, acceptable, effective, and affordable strategies to confine/separate children and poultry/poultry-feces, and how to communicate recommendations to adopt these strategies to backyard poultry raisers. Feasibility and effectiveness of recommendations will then be assessed through a neighborhood-level intervention. Support for formative and qualitative research, intervention development, health communications development, and intervention implementation and evaluation will be part of the upcoming project.
PI Mentor: Peter Winch