Nicotine Exposure in Children and Families of Tobacco Farming households in Brazil
Start Date: 02/01/2010
End Date: 01/31/2012
Brazil is the second world producer and top world exporter of unmanufactured tobacco leaf. As a ratifying country of the World Health Organization''s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the government has made a commitment to enact legislation and programs that will support economically viable alternatives to protect their citizens and the environment from the detriments of tobacco farming. Children working on tobacco farms may be exposed to nicotine through dermal absorption from leaf contact and may be at increased risk for Green Tobacco Sickness (GTS). The National Program to Support Product Diversification in Tobacco Growing Areas spearheads the current effort by Brazil to transition families away from tobacco farming. The objective of this project is to characterize exposure to nicotine and prevalence of GTS among children and families of tobacco growing households participating in the Diversification Program in Brazil, and to understand the families'' experience with the Program. Results from this study will be used to support advocacy efforts to increase funding of the Brazilian Diversification Program. Additionally, the results will contribute to the evidence base of the impacts of the use of child labor in tobacco farming.