Xu, Yvonne Yiru
School of Public Health - International Health
Non-Communicable disease (NCD) Surveillance in South-East Asia Region
Non-communicable disease (NCD) account for more than two-third of all mortality and DALYs in most of the countries in WHO South-East Asian Region, home to almost 30% of the world's population. The four major non-communicable diseases, cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes mellitus account for majority of the NCDs and four major risk factors (tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy dietary practices and physical inactivity) contribute a large proportion of burden from these diseases. Regular monitoring of these risk factors at population level and evaluation of the policy and programmatic interventions put in place to address these risk factors are must to inform any public health efforts to control NCDs. WHO-SEARO is helping countries of the region to put in place surveillance system for NCDS and help them to analyze and interpret the data to inform policies and program. The aims of these periodic population-based surveys are, 1) track trends (in different population groups) in the key risk factors underlying major NCDs; 2) track trends in access to early detection and treatment services for key risk factors (hypertension, raised blood glucose and cholesterol level) and selected cancers; and 3) assess coverage and implementation status of key policy/programmatic interventions at the population level. Two key large scale population level health surveys -National NCD risk factor surveys (STEP surveys) and Global Youth Tobacco Surveys are being implemented 3-5 countries in next 6 months and students are expected to work and support this work to analyze and interpret the data in the specific country context.
PI Mentor: Shivam Gupta