School of Public Health
Non Communicable Disease Risk Factor Surveillance Using Novel
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a growing burden in lower-and middle-income countries. Tobacco use, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and inadequate diet are four self-reported risk factors that explain over two-thirds of global NCD deaths. In many LMICs, the surveillance of NCD risk factors is infrequent due to the high cost and time commitment associated with household surveys where interviewers administer the survey to respondents in a face-to-face manner.
Telephone and mobile phone surveys have been utilized to collect population level estimates of health and demographics in high income countries, but their application has not been extensively studied in lower income countries. As the number of mobile phones approaches the global population level, opportunities exist to leverage mobile health (mHealth) technologies to improve the efficiency, timeliness, and cost-effectiveness of data collection in lower income countries by interviewing respondents over their own personal mobile phone.
As part of the Bloomberg Data for Health Initiative, JHSPH faculty, CDC colleagues, and the implementing team from the University of Zambia, this project aims to assess the feasibility, quality, and validity of a national NCD risk factor survey sent to citizenâ€™s mobile phones. This is a ten country project with field sites also in Morocco and Bangladesh.
Global Health Mentor/PI: Dustin Gibson, PhD