Understanding the Relationship between Parental Monitoring and Adolescent Substance Use in the Peruvian Context
Substance use is a leading cause of morbidity worldwide and it often begins in adolescence. Understanding the factors that lead to early initiation of substance use is crucial for planning prevention programs. Epidemiological research in the United States has established that there is a strong association between the level of parental monitoring and adolescent substance use, and interventions have been developed to intervene on this variable. Recent survey research in Callao, Peru confirms a strong negative association between parental monitoring and adolescent substance use in this context. However, there is variation in how parental monitoring is measured in quantitative surveys and researchers have debated what factors contribute to ratings of parental monitoring. In addition, because of differences in culture and family structure between the U.S. and Peru, parental monitoring styles characterized as protective against substance use in the U.S. may or may not be relevant in the Peruvian context. Therefore, before appropriate family-based interventions to address this issue can be implemented in Peru, the dynamics of parental monitoring must be better understood. The proposed research seeks to qualitatively assess parental monitoring and its relationship with adolescent substance use in Callao, Peru through the use of in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with both adolescents and their parents.