Processes of Internal Migration in China and the Impact on Adolescents and Young Adults Sexual Risk Behaviors
Prevention of sexually transmitted infections, particularly HIV/AIDS among young people remains a significant public health problem globally. The official 2007 estimate of persons infected with HIV in China is almost 1 million, with an estimated 30% annual increase (1). Many believe that the future of the HIV/AIDS epidemic is in China, the most populous country in the world, and the tremendous migrant population is described as the "tipping point" of the spread of the disease (2). Migrants represent a vulnerable population, and are at an increased risk of sexual risk behaviors (3-8). Young people experiencing mobility also face a unique set of stressors that place them at higher risk for psychiatric disorders. To date, no studies have explored the influence of mental health on sexual risk behaviors among young migrants. Understanding and addressing these relationships could have important implications for controlling the spread of sexually transmitted infections.