Pollard, Suzanne

Public Health

MHS

Peru

Assessment of exposure to indoor biomass smoke in Puno, Peru

Indoor air pollution resulting from the combustion of biomass fuels poses a significant health threat to as much as half of the world's population (Bruce et al., 2000). Exposure to indoor biomass smoke has been shown to be an important contributor to many diseases including acute respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease, and may be responsible for as much as 2.7% of the global burden of disease (Bruce et al., 2000; Fullerton et al., 2008). In Peru, where the large majority of rural households use biomass fuels for their cooking and heating needs, the effects of exposure to indoor biomass smoke on the health of rural populations have yet to be fully investigated. The aims of this pilot study are 1) to estimate exposure to particulate matter (PM) due to biomass fuel combustion for household members in a rural population in Peru, 2) to compare different methods of measuring PM exposure in this community, and 3) to characterize the household and behavioral factors associated with different levels of exposure. These objectives will be accomplished through real-time direct-reading and integrated PM measurement in households, a questionnaire regarding behaviors potentially associated with exposure, and assessment of household ventilation. Results of this experiment will be used to support a larger study examining the burden and risk factors for chronic cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases in this area and their relationship to indoor air pollution.

People

Joanne Katz, ScD MS,BSc

Associate Chair, Director of Academic Programs

Stefan Baral, MD MPH,MBA,MSc

Director, Key Populations Program

Noreen Hynes, MD MPH

Director, Geographic Medicine Center of the Division of Infectious Diseases

Yukari C. Manabe, MD

Associate Director of Global Health Research and Innovation

Caitlin Kennedy, PhD MPH,BA

Co-Director, MPH concentration in Social and Behavioral Sciences in Public Health; Associate Director, Center for Qualitative...

Robert Bollinger Jr., MD MPH

Director, Johns Hopkins Center for Clinical Global Health Education (CCGHE); Associate Director, Johns Hopkins Center for Global...
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August 2019

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