School of Nursing - School of Nursing/ JHSPH HBS/IH
MSN / MPH
Household Air Pollution and Health: A multi-country LPG stove intervention trial (HAPIN Trial)
Household air pollution (HAP) resulting from the use of solid fuels (e.g., wood, coal, crop waste, and dung) for cooking and heating contributes to a significant proportion of the global burden of disease. Multiple diseases have been associated with HAP, including low birthweight in infants, pneumonia in children, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in adults. We are rolling out a large, multicenter randomized control trial. One of the four sites for this study is Puno, Peru (3825m above sea level). We will be enrolling 800 pregnant woman into the study and the woman will be randomized to receive a gas stove vs continue to use their traditional solid fuel stoves that are known to cause high levels of HAP. We will be evaluating various components of household air pollution including particulate matter and carbon monoxide levels. We will perform both kitchen and personal monitoring. We will be monitoring various clinical outcomes as well including infant birthweight, incidence of childhood pneumonia and blood pressure to determine the effects of reduced indoor air pollution. We seek to identify if elimination of HAP helps to decrease the burden disease in this region. This is a large multicenter randomized controlled trial. Participation in this study provides a very unique opportunity to be part of a large, potentially influential, field intervention trial.
PI Mentor: William Checkley