Parenting Approaches in the Philippines: A Qualitative Study
Much of the current research in global mental health focuses on assessing and treating mental health problems after a natural or man-made disaster has occurred or once mental health issues have arisen (Panter-Brick et al., 2012). However, little is known about the every-day risk and protective factors that occur in cultures around the world that may promote mental ill-health or mental well-being (Panter-Brick et al., 2012). A recent study of priorities in global mental health research identified the investigation of "root causes, risk and protective factors" as a key focus for future work (Collins et al., 2011). Research points to the importance of parenting and family dynamics in contributing to adolescent mental health outcomes (Rutter, 1985; Beardslee et al., 2011; Betancourt et al., 2011; D'Angelo et al., 2009). However, the majority of this research has been conducted among white populations in high-income settings (Rutter, 1985; Beardslee et al., 2007; Beardslee et al., 2011) while parenting approaches vary from culture to culture (Gershoff et al., 2010). The goal of this study will be to learn about the local conceptions of and attitudes toward parenting approaches in the Philippines in order to inform the applicant's quantitative dissertation research on this population, using the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (CLHNS), linking parenting approaches and risk of adolescent depression. The quantitative aims of the applicant's dissertation involve assessing the association between parenting approaches and risk of adolescent depression in this population as well as testing hypotheses about potential mediators and moderators of the association.